Monday, August 24, 2020

Malaysian Airline System

From a little air administration that started with a 5-seater twin engined Airspeed Consul in 1947, Malaysia Airlines has developed into an honor winning carrier with an armada of in excess of 100 airplane, adjusting in excess of 110 goals across six mainlands. Today, Malaysian Airlines System Berhad is an organization with a dream of worldwide extension. The aircraft's system will develop broadly because of buyer interest for overall inclusion. The carrier's upgraded in-flight benefits, dependable ground support and magnificent foundation will set new world guidelines. Organization History: Malaysian Airlines System Berhad is the holding organization for Malaysia's national aircraft transporter, one of Asia's quickest developing carriers. Through a few different auxiliaries, the organization produces airplane parts, offers shipping and payload transportation administrations, caters food, gives clothing and dry-cleaning administrations for aircrafts and other mechanical establishments, and directs a movement office. Organization Chairman Tajudin Ramli possesses a critical offer in Malaysian Airlines System (MAS), and the Malaysian government holds a solid voice in MAS issues. 930s Origins The historical backdrop of Malaysian Airlines goes back to 1937, when the Straits Steamship Co. of Singapore united with two British companiesâ€Ocean Steamship Co. furthermore, Imperial Airwaysâ€and won endorsement from Singapore's administration to work a carrier in the district. Malayan Airways Limited was enlisted on October 21, 1937. Getting freedom and getting planes noticeable all around, in any case, end up being two distinct things for Malayan Airways Ltd. Activities didn't start until 1947, well after the Japanese occupation had reached a conclusion, when a twin-engined Airspeed Consul lifted off from Subang International Airport in Kuala Lumpur, connecting that city with Singapore, Ipoh, and Penang in the north of the nation. In 1947 the juvenile aircraft included a 21-seater DC-3 to its armada of three Airspeed Consuls. Before the year's over the aircraft was traveling to Jakarta (at that point called Batavia), Palembang, Bangkok, Medan, and Saigon (later called Ho Chi Minh City). Together constrained by the intercontinental bearers BOAC and Qantas, Malayan Airways concerning a period run by Keith Hamilton, who might later become head of Qantas. 1960s Independence Following Malaysia's political foundation in September 1963â€the new nation contained the previous conditions of Malaya and Singapore, and the one-time provinces of North Borneo, Sabah, and Sarawakâ€Malayan Airways became Malaysian Airways and was revamped to concentrate on associating the new nation's dissimilar locales. Development carried more airplane into the armada after Borneo Airways was bought and collapsed into Malaysian Airways in 1965. This brought four Dakota planes and two Scottish Aviation Twin Pioneer airplane to the bearer's steady of airplane. Progressively hierarchical changes for the aircraft happened in 1966, a year after Singapore withdrew from Malaysia to turn into a sovereign state all alone. That year, the administrations of Singapore and Malaysia together purchased a controlling stake in the aircraft and renamed it Malaysia-Singapore Airlines Ltd. (MSA). Amazing Boeing planes at that point entered the armada and empowered trips to arrive at various distant goals. Be that as it may, contrasts between Kuala Lumpur and Singapore over the future heading of MSA incited a split in 1972. Lee Kuan Yew, PM of Singapore, wanted a really national bearer for his nation, the point being to fly a little armada of Boeing 707s showing the yellow and blue shades of Singapore Airlines. Malaysia in like manner decided to head out in its own direction. In October 1972, Malaysian Airline Systems (MAS) was built up. (The abbreviation MAS implies gold in the Malaysian language. ) Each of its airplane would from this time forward game a winged tiger logo, an adapted type of the customary Kelantan â€Å"wau† or Malaysian kite. The split was critical to the future fortunes of MAS. From 1972, the aircraft kept on considering itself to be a local transporter, associating a bunch of remote goals in Peninsular Malaysia, including Sabah and Sarawak. Singapore Airlines, then again, was submitted from its beginning to turning into a universal achievement. By 1975, Singapore Airlines was traveling to Seoul, Hong Kong, and Taipei. After a year, that aircraft was conveying travelers to Paris, Dubai, and New Zealand. In contrast to Singapore, Malaysia hoped to concentrate on abusing its huge stores of common resourcesâ€petroleum and oil based goods, flammable gas, lumber items, and elastic. The nation's administration would pick a lot later than Singapore needed to endeavor contending with Western organizations in assembling and innovative markets. Subsequently, keeping up a fruitful provincial aircraft transporter was made a decision about the best procedure for Malaysia during the 1970s. The organization gradually developed its local administrations to Jakarta and Medan in Indonesia. Later the goals of Bangkok, Hong Kong, Manila, and Singapore were included. â€Å"Malaysia felt that MAS was not serving the requirements of Malaysians,† clarified Abdullah Mat Zaid, chief of corporate arranging at MAS. Extending as a local aircraft was not without occurrence for MAS. In 1978, the organization's low-wage arrangement met with a misfortune. Kuala Lumpur had set out guidelines constraining association action at the national air bearer as a methods for holding wages and expenses down, and a severe and troublesome work contest happened in 1978. Occasions encompassing a strike at the national aircraft provoked the administration to mediate and refer to MAS laborers as being occupied with criminal behavior. A few association authorities were accordingly captured. Development in the 1980sâ€90s An monetary blast in Malaysia during the 1980s helped spike development at Malaysian Airlines. Before the decade's over, MAS was traveling to 47 abroad goals. These included eight European urban communities: London, Zurich, Paris, Frankfurt, Istanbul, Vienna, Amsterdam, and Brussels. MAS additionally flew right now to six Australian citiesâ€Brisbane, Adelaide, Darwin, Perth, Melbourne, and Sydney&mdash well as to Auckland, New Zealand. Other than trips to such Asian centers as Hong Kong, Tokyo, and Peking, MAS additionally associated with Los Angeles and Honolulu. By 1992, MAS had added booked trips to Athens, Madrid, and Rome, and plans were moving to reach at any rate one goal in Eastern Europe. Besides, another support of South Africa and Brazil was booked for 1993. The carrier would likewise hope to arrive at one city on the eastern seaboard of the United States. MAS likewise picked during the mid 1990s to grow by collaborating with different carriers to make extra goals accessible for its clients. For instance, Iran Air associated Kuala Lumpur with Tehran, and Royal Jordanian associated MAS trips with Amman. Likewise, joint administrations to Chile and Argentina were talked about in late 1991. The driving force for this extension originated from Malaysia's prospering economy. Somewhere in the range of 1986 and 1991, the nation's fare arranged economy posted a normal genuine development of nine percent. Changes to Malaysia's outside venture rules during the mid-1980s were intended to help speed a move from an economy beforehand subject to characteristic assets to a finely tuned industrialized economy. Simultaneously, various enormous Asian and Western enterprises, for example, Sanyo, NEC, Toshiba, and Philips built up branch plants in Malaysia. The additional traffic of organization authorities flying to and fro from their home office to Malaysia, and the transportation of their innovative products, prodded on ticket deals for the carrier. The quantity of business travelers MAS obliged was underscored by net outside interests in Malaysia that rose 30 percent in 1991 to M$10. 7 billion ($5 billion). The 1980sâ€90s Tourist Trade As the nation's fare exchange roared ahead in the late 1980s, so did the household traveler traffic all through Malaysia, and normally the travel industry likewise gave a springboard to development to MAS. By the late 1980s Malaysia started to pursue the valued Western vacationer, a market effectively very much abused by neighboring Thailand and the Philippines. About 5. 5 million voyagers visited Malaysia in 1991. Despite the fact that the nation, and its carrier, were hit by the impacts of the Gulf War and worldwide recessionary conditions, the travel industry contributed M$5 billionâ€or $2. 4 billion&mdasho the nation's exchange balance 1991. The main part of these travelers originated from neighboring Brunei, Indonesia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. Kuala Lumpur's arrangements to manufacture various extravagance fairways in the nation were relied upon to help secure developing quantities of Japanese visitors. Getting into the bundle visit business likewise helped MAS energize expanded traveler traffic. Malaysia Airlines Golden Holiday bundles and Malaysia Stopover bundles were set up in 1984. These empowered European and Australian explorers in travel between the two landmasses to take a rest break in Malaysia before carrying on to their last goal. To additionally animate the travel industry, a joint battle was controlled by the Malaysian government and MAS to announce 1990 Visit Malaysia Year. During the year, nearly 7. 4 million voyagers flew into and out of the nation, as contrasted and the 4. 8 million travelers who visited Malaysia in the earlier year. Another wellspring of new traffic for the carrier was the developing number of outside understudies going to instructive establishments in Malaysia. In September 1989 the International School of Kuala Lumpur enlisted 700 understudies; after a year, the school had multiplied its enlistment. By a similar token, youthful Malaysians were concentrating in Europe and North America. In Canada, where numerous Malaysian understudies went to colleges, it was felt in mid 1992 this new traffic source may warrant ordinary help between the two nations. Canada's own national carrier, Air Canada, which was experiencing financial downturn and inc

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Examine the dramatic significance of the theme “fair is foul” in Macbeth Essay

There are numerous topics in â€Å"Macbeth†, not amazing given the play’s lavishness of character, language and occasions. These topics incorporate goodness and detestable, tricky appearances and reality and the otherworldly. They are totally connected to the possibility of â€Å"fair is foul†, similar to the characters. I will presently attempt to inspect in more detail the emotional criticalness of â€Å"fair is foul† in Shakespeare’s â€Å"Macbeth†. It is accepted that the play was composed in view of King James. â€Å"Mabeth† was composed at some point somewhere in the range of 1603 and 1606, years during which King James (sixth of Scotland and first of England) was on the seat. Huge numbers of James’ interests were remembered for the play, for instance sovereignty, devotion and in particular his interest with heavenly (he even composed a book called Demonology, regarding the matter). The possibility of the extraordinary and black magic specifically are significant during the play. The witches otherwise called the â€Å"Weird Sisters†, Act 1 Scene 3 Line 34, speak to abhorrence and enticement in the play. In Shakespeare’s day there was across the board confidence in the presence of black magic and demonology. Individuals expected that witches endeavored to degenerate God’s common request, and in this manner in 1604 its training got deserving of death. Anyway they were as yet questionable on the intensity of witches. This vulnerability can be found in the play. We can't be sure if the witches have any genuine force or whether they can just convince and propose things to other people. The Gunpowder plot appears to have been added to the play. It was an activity taken to expel the lord, fundamentally the same as Macbeth’s activities. Again it gives the possibility of God’s regular request being demolished. They accepted that the lord governed by Divine Right for example they were God’s picked one. Along these lines murdering him, to acquire unrightful majesty would break the regular request. The way that they are underhanded is appeared in their last couplet. It is, as referenced over, the three witches who theme the line â€Å"fair is foul and foul is fair†. It tends to be deciphered as â€Å"good is awful and awful is good†, a marginally troublesome expression to comprehend. Something imperative to note is that â€Å"Fair is foul†¦Ã¢â‚¬  is an oddity. That is an announcement, which seems to repudiate itself yet can contain a reality. It is this line establishes the pace for the remainder of the play; the manner in which things show up may not be the manner in which they truly are! Their line anyway can likewise be utilized to depict themselves and their forecasts. At the point when they reveal to Macbeth his future everything sounds great, â€Å"†¦All hail Macbeth, that shalt be King hereafter†. Anyway it is these expectations that lead to his lethal activities and intense defeat obliteration. So extremely, these future dreams aren’t great at everything except terrible. The witches never lie but since they talk in perplexing questions, its conceivable that Macbeth hears what he needs to hear, by accepting just the positive perspectives. In Shakespeare’s â€Å"Macbeth†, the hero is attracted to kill the King, Duncan, by witch’s forecasts, his wife’s consolation, and by his own desire. He submits a trio of evil homicides over the span of the play. It is conceivable to overlook that the character depicted as â€Å"†¦brave Macbeth†¦Ã¢â‚¬  is the one later portrayed as a â€Å"tyrant†. Macbeth’s character is additionally one that is connected to the possibility of â€Å"fair is foul and foul is fair†. Preceding his experience with the witches (Act 1, Scene 3) Macbeth is a saint, a reliable warrior in administration of the real, King of Scotland, Duncan. He is portrayed as a respectable valiant and courageous warrior and â€Å"Bellona’s bridegroom†, spouse of the goddess of the war, qualified to be God of War. Apparently he has numerous positive qualities yet soon enough we discover he has a deadly weakness†¦ambition. He was effortlessly impacted by, witches predictions and his wife’s influence, to follow the aspirations that he subtly wanted to pursue, â€Å"Thus thou must do’ if thou have it†, at the end of the day he should do it (kill King Duncan) in the event that he needs the crown. He permitted his desire to smother his great characteristics and the finish of the play depicts him as â€Å"a tyrant†, â€Å"a shrunken thief†, and â€Å"hellhound†. Macbeth is clearly one of the most clear and least difficult instances of the topic â€Å"fair is foul†. By this I mean he is a character who fits the thought, things that watch great may end up being underhanded. Anyway I don’t think it is reasonable for call him totally malicious. He did after all have a still, small voice, which had a significant influence all through the play. It was his heart that kept him away from exceptional activities, yet insufficient to prevent him from murders that at long last he completed. Woman Macbeth is likewise a genuine case of the topic â€Å"fair is foul†. In the realm of Shakespeare disasters she has come to speak to female foul play. Her desire, indecency and dismissal of female qualities, mark her as a merciless miscreant more beast than lady! â€Å"Come to my lady bosoms and take my milk for nerve, you killing ministers† . In contrast to Macbeth, it is effortlessly seen that she has a detestable yearn for power from the beginning. â€Å"†¦chastice with the valor of my tongue All that obstructs thee from the brilliant crown†¦Ã¢â‚¬  only an area of her words from the first occasion when we meet her (Act 1 Scene 5). Anyway Shakespeare utilizes emotional incongruity, in that the crowd realize she is shrewd yet numerous characters neglect to see this. Many are tricked by her beguiling demonstrations. â€Å"Fair and respectable hostess†, are the words Duncan used to portray Lady Macbeth, who ended up being associated with his homicide soon thereafter. The crowd experience her yearn for power by her response exactly from Mabeth, it is both amazing and emotional. When she has wrapped up the letter (counting subtleties of the witches hunches) she chooses to ensure Macbeth will become King. She realizes her significant other is aggressive yet in addition considers his absence of mercilessness â€Å"yet I do fear thy nature It is to full o’ th’ milk of human kindness†. She asserts that heartlessness o is â€Å"the illness† that Macbeth doesn’t have in him. She concludes that to pick up the seat Duncan must be slaughtered. To her extraordinary pleasure, she hears that the King is coming that very night. She welcomes the spirits of underhandedness to enter her body-† Come you spirits That tend on mortal considerations! unsex me here, And fill me from the crown to the toe top-brimming with direst cruelty†. Any considerations of uncertainty that she has some great inside her are absolutely certain, now. In what capacity can a lady need the very attributes that make her a lady, for example love and care, to be removed just with the goal that she can finish a mischievous homicide? The language she utilizes from lines 32-47 (Act 1 Scene5), are fundamentally the same as those utilized in a spell or serenade. She is summoning spirits to take and emotions she may have, and fill her with deadly contemplations, â€Å"Come u spirits†¦you killing ministers†. The language utilized gives the impact of dim enchantment and chants, representing Lady Macbeth as a witch. As said over the line â€Å"fair is foul† gives the impression of tricky appearances and reality. Woman Macbeth, shows this thought well overall, when she is tricking her visitors. When King Duncan, shows up at the mansion, he remarks on how decent the environment is, â€Å"the air Nimbly and pleasantly suggests itself†. It was arranged by Shakespeare to have an unexpected impact, that King Duncan should state that, when thinking about Lady Macbeth’s words and plans from the past scene. She is an incredible trickster, dishonestly trading wonderful discussion, effectively. It is additionally Lady Macbeth who encourages her better half to put on a deception, â€Å"look like the blameless blossom. Be that as it may, be the snake under’t†. This was one of Shakespeare’s numerous analogies. The bloom takes after goodness and virtue while the snake is a dim and fiendishness animal. This likewise interfaces in with the possibility of reality versus appearances. We are continually reminded that things aren’t what they appear in the play. Shakespeare cautions us not to be tricked by appearances, there are numerous instances of this during the play. One of the primary models is the skimming blade. Is it genuine or is it only a tricky deception baiting Macbeth to do the inconceivable? There are other tricky figments over the span of the play, a fundamental one being Banquo’s phantom. Macbeth accepts the phantom, which drifts over Banqo’s void seat, has gone to frequent him and blame him for it’s murder. The witches state that the backwoods will comes to him, â€Å"Great Birnam wood to high Dunsinane slope Shall come against him†. How is this conceivable? As a general rule no piece of nature in type of grounds and woodlands ever moves! Macbeth is likewise told â€Å"none of lady conceived Shall hurt Macbeth†. Macbeth doesn’t realize that Macduff wasn’t conceived typically, thus accepts he can't be hurt. We should question how dependable these feelings truly are! While Banquo questioned what the witches said and went before to address them, Macbeth had close to finish confidence in them. I think he trusted them, since somewhere inside that’s what he needs, and the hunches give him any expectation of accomplishing an incomprehensible objective. The topic â€Å"fair is foul† is a mystery, in spite of the fact that it seems to repudiate itself it does contains a reality. This can be found in the principal demonstration when the Thane of Cawdor is condemned to death. Taking a gander at the execution it would have all the earmarks of being a foul demonstration. Anyway while thinking about the explanation of execution, being traitorous to your King, it can likewise be

Tuesday, July 21, 2020

Santa Fe

Santa Fe Santa Fe san ´t? fa [key], city (1990 pop. 55,859), alt. c.7,000 ft (2,130 m), state capital and seat of Santa Fe co., N N.Mex., at the foot of the Sangre de Cristo Mts. It is an administrative, tourist, resort, and cultural center and a shipping point for farm products and Native American wares. There is printing and publishing, food processing, and the manufacture of furniture, machinery, clothing and textiles, and building materials. Founded c.1609 by the Spanish on the site of prehistoric Native American ruins, it became a center of Spanish trade with local ethnic groups. A seat of government since its founding, it is the oldest capital city in the United States. In the Pueblo revolt of 1680, the Spanish colonists were driven out; in 1692 they returned under Diego de Vargas. Shortly after Mexico gained independence from Spain (1821), extensive commerce with the United States developed by way of the Santa Fe Trail . In 1846, the region became a U.S. territory. The railroad reac hed Lamy (the station for Santa Fe, 16 mi/26 km distant) in 1879. The seat of an archbishopric since 1875, the city, with its many churches, is a Roman Catholic center. Points of interest are the Palace of the Governors (c.1610), which houses a state museum; the Laboratory of Anthropology, with a museum of Spanish colonial art; museums of international folk art, Navajo ceremonial art, and contemporary Native American art; an exhibition hall for contemporary art; and a museum devoted to the artist Georgia O'Keeffe . There are artists' and writers' colonies and many art galleries, the Santa Fe Opera in the summer, the restored Lensic Theater, St. John's College, the College of Santa Fe, a Native American school, and a state school for the deaf. The city is the headquarters for the Santa Fe National Forest and regional headquarters for the National Park Service. The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. Political Geography

Friday, May 22, 2020

Why Do We Need To Support Veterans - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 8 Words: 2375 Downloads: 3 Date added: 2019/04/15 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Veterans Essay Did you like this example? The Veteran population is seen experiences a wide range of issues after coming out of the military. Some issues Veterans faces are coping with post-traumatic stress disorder, disability, homelessness, unemployment, addiction, and suicide (Schlenger et al., 2002). A traumatic event causes physical, emotional, and psychological harm (Schlenger et al., 2002). Rothbaum, Rizzo, and Difede (2010) state that Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a chronic, debilitating, psychological condition that occurs in a subset of individuals who experience or witness life-threatening traumatic events. People in the military are among the most at-risk populations for exposure to traumatic events resulting in having posttraumatic stress disorder after serving the military (PTSD; Prigerson, Maciejewski, Rosenheck, 2001; Schlenger et al., 2002). Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is classified as an anxiety disorder related to a threating event (Ehlers and Clark, 1999, p. 320). Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Why Do We Need To Support Veterans?" essay for you Create order Research has stated that there are more veterans with high levels of PTSD and unrelated mental symptoms after serving in Iraq and Afghanistan (Hoge, Auchterlonie, Milliken, 2006; Hoge et al., 2004). It is essential to identify the issue and work with effective treatments to assist the military population. The issues veterans face is complicated and requires support from the government, community and Veteran Affairs (VA). Leaving a type of situation to be left untreated it may cause serious mental problems down the line that may be harder to resolve. Some of these veterans have been exposed to unmoral situations that need significant attention, resources, and skills in transitioning back to their normal life. It is a significant transition. After the military, it is essential to engage with the VA to get the resources and support necessary. Those impacted by these issues cross all socioeconomic boundaries, cultures, and ages edit this . People from all over the U.S. primarily people age 18 and up to join the military. It started off as a human-made job, but after time many more women entered the army. However men take up more of the veteran population. These negative impacts pushed the VA to provide individual counseling, pieces of training and programs to assist all types of trauma experienced. It is an overwhelming experience that requires amounts of exposure, support, and talk therapy. This type of injury on this population has caused a significant strain on the systems in place and for these systems to change direction. There are about 21.8 million veterans in the United States (, 2017). About 578,500 veterans experience homelessness on any given night due to experiencing trauma (, 2016). The rate of Veterans who are unemployed is higher than the national average in many states (Military Times, 2017). Between July 1, 2014, and June 30, 2015, a total of 738,212 of these Veterans accessed the VA health care, with a considerable increase 78% throughout 2001-2016 (, 2018). Therefore it has shown the prevalence of veteran issues requiring a change in the resources and programs available to help assist these veterans with the appropriate therapeutic intervention. This paper will help address the problems the veterans have faced, and the technique used by the mental health department by utilizing the evidenced-based practice of Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT). CPT has shown to be more active on individual setting compared to group settings. CPT is also another form in replacement of medication that has been shown to be effective. Veterans require a long-term treatment when dealing with the exposure of challenging situations such as war. The focus should be on helping the veterans since they work their best at protecting our country. If left untreated there would be countless veterans suffering to get back to work and family. It may also cause innumerable amounts of money to keep these veterans off the streets, jail, and addiction due to the direction they would take if they did not have the appropriate resources when coping with a trauma. Section Two Evidence-based interventions (EBI) are treatments which have been proved to be effective in accessing the situation, changing the behavior and thought processing (Curley Vitale, 2016). These interventions are tested to be valid and reliable through observational studies and clinical trials. CPT is a type an EBI, which focuses on trauma-focused evidence-based intervention utilized for all kinds of populations who have experienced various forms of trauma such as the individuals that have been active in the military (Chard, et al., 2012). Originally, CPT was developed as a treatment for grouped psychotherapy. However many clinicians saw the more significant impact it made on their clients (Chard et al., 2012). CPT teaches how to evaluate and change the upsetting thoughts since the trauma, by changing the thoughts and perceptions on the way you feel and think. Injury can change the way you feel about yourself and the world (, n.d.). CPT is a type of intervention that is used to in to recognize and challenge ones experience about the traumatic event they have experienced. CPT uses techniques to help the person in labeling events, accessing thoughts and emotions, while the clinician helps them identify the issue and question their thinking (Resick et al., 2017). In a study conducted by Resick, et al. (2017), a group of 8-10 military veterans participated in receiving CPT. The study compared the CPT skills applied in a group setting compared to an individual environment. The group met for ninety minutes, twice weekly, for six weeks, while the individuals met for ninety minutes, twice weekly, with a clinician. The results indicated that CPT was more active and showed improvement on those who were in treatment individually with a clinician compared to those who were in a group setting. At the beginning of the intervention, individuals are educated regarding the purpose of CPT treatment. It is essential to let the individual know how his type of therapy will help them for them to show commitment and involvement in the process. The individuals are asked to write down traumatic events they have seen, and the impact these events have caused. Being open and being an observer of this trauma can help them distinguish their perception and thoughts it h as made. This helps the individual in exploring their beliefs, opinions, behavior about the traumatic events, and how it has shifted their perception on their life (Chard et al., 2012). This type of trauma needs a step-by-step process. Being in a group setting may cause judgment, anxiety and not enough exposure to ones trauma when having others be involved compared to those who process this individually without the distractions of others. Other reasons group setting are not primarily as useful is because of the content exposed, not enough support, and if they miss a group, they may lose a big piece of processing. In an individual setting, participants received particular attention regarding multiple traumatic events they have experienced resulting in a more significant improvement (Resick et al., 2017). However, in the group setting CPT showed improvement after six months of individual treatment then the group setting could be introduced. It showed that after the person went through individual counseling, then they could go on to the step of group counseling. Once the person is at a better state, then they can be part of group therapy to process it by hearing other people struggle and practice different skills in groups to help assist these PTSD symptoms for long-term practice. Even though this is a general standard of months, every person processes this type of trauma differently and might vary. Monson et al. (2006) stated that CPT treatment for veterans with PTSD has shown to be effective in its ability to assist the individual in addressing violent acts they have committed, witnessed, or experienced (Monson et al., 2006). This type of treatment has also shown a considerable amount of improvement on disorders such as anxiety, depression, guilt, stress, and social adjustment that these personal military experience (Monson et al., 2006). The US Department of Veterans (USDVA) stated that CPT is the most successful treatment of counseling for the PTSD issues of veterans with a success rate of 75% (USDVA, 2015). It helps people turn the negative thoughts and memories into positive ones. The VA throughout the years has advocated in changing prior systems to increase the use of CPT to treat PTSD amongst people who serve in the military. Section Three Veterans benefit the most from CPT due to the harmful exposure of the military in their lives. Therefore, The VA has mandated people who have experienced this type of trauma be offered CPT, (Morland, Hynes, Mackintosh, Resick, and Chard, 2011, p.465). CPT has been shown to be the practice model in the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies Practice Guideline, and the Veterans Health Administration Department of Defense Clinical Practice Guideline (Keane, Friedman, Cohen, 2008). The VA has practiced ensuring all Veterans have access to CPT at their local hospital or community clinic, (Chard, Schumm Owens, and Cottingham, 2010, p. 27). Applying this intervention to veterans requires step-by-step action. Starting with identifying the trauma and visualizing the effects it has made on the person. Shifting ones thought process such as violence, shame, and guilt to thought processes of acceptance, commitment and changing the way you think of these effects is a way to replace ne gative thoughts. After identifying these traumas then the shift of patterns can take effect. Being in a group setting could help veterans see they may have similar experiences and are not alone in their thought process. These veterans may have been in the same area when an event occurred, but they all process the trauma differently and experience it differently as well. Group CPT sessions can provide a safe and compassionate network for the member to handle the events and give them a sense of security, free from judgment and space to discuss their feelings. Writing down the feelings being experienced may be difficult, but it may also help when coping with painful emotions such as anger, sadness, and guilt. This type of process can help any areas this trauma has been affected by changing the sense of safety, trust, control, self-esteem, and intimacy. This type of intervention can be placed in any cCommunitysSchool ormental health facilities of people who have any PTSD. One drawback to CPT with veterans is the feeling and psychological pain it may cause by reliving their trauma. Bringing the wound to the surface may cause an uncomfortable feeling. This can create a difficult time and could develop new injuries to surface. This is to distinguish the trauma, see their coping mechanism and process their trauma by shifting their thought processes of the shock. Another drawback is some people in the military cannot open up to their locations; they cannot speak about individual events to not put others at risk. This surfaces the person not to want to open up because they are afraid they may be placed in jail. Some of these veterans it may take time for them to shift their perception. For some people, therapy and CBT might not be the best practice for them. They may need more than CPT. In this case, introducing medication in combination can help the veteran from any horrific flashbacks, nightmares, stress, or anxiety. CPT takes time and practice. These typ es of victims need much more attention than a just therapy itself. Medication is not the only route, but at times it has been shown effective for people who are reliving their trauma for them to not go on a downhill path. Many individuals and a specified group could benefit from practicing CPT. The shifting of perception, memories, and effects this trauma brings can help you organize your thought process once again to live a happier sustained life. It is possible through practice. The individual has to show commitment to change and be aware that it may feel uncomfortable. The surrounding basis is to take a memory that causes stress or trauma and work through it to get to the point that it does not create these issues any longer. CPT helps veterans and active military members, in assisting them to have a positive effect in dealing with the trauma they have suffered. References Chard, K. M., Ricksecker, E. G., Healy, E. T., Karlin, B. E., Resick, P. A., (2012). Dissemination and experience with cognitive processing therapy. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 49(5), 667-78. Retrieved from Chard, K.M., Schumm, J.A., Owens, G.P., Cottingham, S.M. (2010). A Comparison of OEF and OIF Veterans and Vietnam Veterans Receiving Cognitive Processing Therapy. Journal of Traumatic Stress, Vol 25, No. 1, p 25-32. Ehlers,A., Clark, D.M., (2000). A cognitive model of posttraumatic stress disorder. Behavior Research and Therapy, Vol 38, p. 391-345. Education-transition (2017). Retrieved from website Housing First, Inc. (2016). Retrieved from site HUD exchange annual report of estimates on the homeless (2015). Retrieved from site Monson, C. M., Schnurr, P. P., Resick, P. A., Friedman, M. J., Young-Xu, Y., Stevens, S. P. (2006). Cognitive processing therapy for veterans with military-related a post-traumatic stress disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74(5), 898-907. Morland, L.A., Hynes, A.K., Mackintosh, M., Resick, P.A., Chard, K.M., (2011). Group Cognitive Processing Therapy Delivered to Veterans via Telehealth: A Pilot Cohort. Journal of Traumatic Stress, Vol 24, No 4, p. 465-469. The changing face of American veteran populations (2017). Retrieved from Resick, P. A., Wachen, J. S., Dondaville, K. A., Pruiksma, K. E., Yarvis, J. S., Peterson, A. L., Young-McCaughan, S. (2017). Effect of group vs. individual cognitive processing therapy in active-duty military seeking treatment for a post-traumatic stress disorder. JAMA Psychiatry, 74(1), 28. Doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.2729 Veterans populations statistics. (2017). Retrieved from website Curley, A.L. Vitale, P.A. (2016). Population-Based Nursing: Concepts and Competencies for Advanced Practice (2nd ed.). New York, NY.: Springer Publishing. Stoto, M. A. (2014). Population Health Measurement: applying performance measurement concepts in population health settings. EGEMs, 2(4). Gotter. A. (2016). Behavioral Therapy. Healthline. Retrieved March 12, 2017, from Martin, B. (2016). In-Depth: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Psych Central. Retrieved on April 2, 2017, from USDVA. (2015). Treatment of PTSD. Retrieved April 03, 2017, from Myers, D. (2016). Psychology. Asheville, NC: Soomo Learning. Available from hLp://

Thursday, May 7, 2020

Native Americans Civil Rights Struggle Essay - 877 Words

The Native Americans have come across long journey of difficult times since the occupation of their land by European settlers. There are still two sides of a coin- a world of civilization and a world of underdeveloped society in this one country- USA. The paradox is that the constitution which seems to be a model of democracy to many nations of the world lacks a lot for not acting accordingly. Those organized and unorganized struggles of Native Americans were challenged by the heavily armed white majority settlers. This history is among the worst American experience because of the massacre and the violation against human right. In order to be heard, they protest, occupy land, and write books. The Native Americans have raised several†¦show more content†¦The Alcatraz occupation lasted for nineteen months. The Alcatraz opposition was followed by another major event in the struggle of native America’s civil right at Wounded Knee south Dakota. In 1972, they requested the government for land ownerships, rights for their water and mineral recourses in their land, and for equality according to the constitution. This was followed by the huge damage of the Bureau of Indian Affairs-BIA. In 1973, the government came with denying the requests and then the leaders of American-Indian movement -AIM, promised to keep struggling (Kent 1769). The leaders of the AIM were Russel Means and Denis Banks. There were also some internal differences among the Indian-American tribes. For instance Oglala Sioux Tribe leaders were criticizing the oppositions. As a result, The AIM leaders were also critical to those tribes and to the tribal president Richard Wilson. They blamed Wilson for his mismanagement of his tribe’s fund. Wilson had responded with serious attack on his opponents and their familie s. Hence, the government supported Wilson and convinced as the leaders intended to size BIA on February 12, 19763 which was followed by 60 heavily armed marshals (Kent). As a result, on February 23, 250 people of Oglala tribe and AIM members agreed and broke on arm store to fight Wilson at Wounded Knee. The Alcatraz opposition and the Wounded Knee struggle were among the turning points of the AmericanShow MoreRelatedThe Civil Rights Movement : African Americans And Native Americans1086 Words   |  5 Pagesbuilt the foundation for civil rights, a movement in which minorities fought for equality. Groups that previously had been discriminated against began to defend themselves with greater strength and success. The civil rights movement inspired African Americans, Native Americans, women, queers, and Latinos to fight for equality. 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His main g oal was to achieve justice and peace amongst â€Å"colored† people, including white Americans. The civil rights movement in 1964 has led to remarkable forward advances for individuals rights for African Americans, Native Americans, HispanicsRead MoreAssessment of the Native American Experience from 1925-1975 Essay525 Words   |  3 Pagesof the Native American Experience from 1925-1975 Throughout the 1925-1975 period, the Native American population of the United States has faced many obstacles. Just a few years before, they had been suppressed by the federal government’s â€Å"Anti-Long Hair† policy for all Native American males. This would set the stage for future cultural restraint on the Indians. However, they continued to fight for equality. All through this time period, the experience of the Native American culture

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Affectability of positive and negative written personal accounts Free Essays

string(66) " from does not apply at all \(1\) to applies very strongly \(4\)\." Expressive writing paradigm, positive and negative affect, positive meaning finding finding and positive affect. An individual’s conduct of thoughts and feelings disclosure relating to aspects of their life is often utilized through expressive writing as a therapeutic strategy. This act is more formally recognized as the expressive writing paradigm (Nicholls, 2009), describing the health benefits of expressive writing production. We will write a custom essay sample on Affectability of positive and negative written personal accounts or any similar topic only for you Order Now Rebuttals against this theory include its lack of a clear definition in regard to the reasons it proves an effective therapy (Sloan Marx, 2004), though its effectiveness remains undisputed. Expressive writing in studies can include a variety of deferent topic suggestion in analysis of any emotion from traumatic events to Immense positive experiences. Emotional expression has been shown to effect general satisfaction positively or negatively dependent on the correlated emotion to the subject of concern. Further enhancing this suggestion Is the notion of strengthened self-efficacy through emotional expression (Kirk. Schuster, Hint, 201 1 Already, Implications of Its use In positive regard becomes more applicable In applying positivist more generally as a result of written divergence. Writing has proven a powerful tool across studies In both mental and physical responses. An experiment conducted on Swedish athletes found a positive correlation between the writing of positive self-talk and reaction times (?seedeater, Spender, S ¶Darlene, 2012). Another more extreme case of expressive writing incorporation was used in a 2012) This study focused on the positive outcomes of the experience and was found to exhibit positive effects on common survivor constraints as fatigue, intrusive thoughts, post-traumatic stress and so on. Yet another study of interest involves the SE of expressive writing, though not with an observer’s direction of positive or negative affect. This study simply engaged participants to write down their traumatic experience. Outcomes of which included decreased physician visits and use of aspirin over time (Baneberry Bell, Confronting a traumatic event: Toward an understanding, 1986). These studies lie among a multitude of others (Kelly, 2012) – all of which indicate a significant positive impact of expressive writing on general satisfaction (Baneberry Chunk, 2007). One argument against this expressive rating paradigm is that the use of written emotions is not necessarily the promoter of positive affect. Instead, the act of expressing emotions in any form will release tension of the event (Baneberry, 1997). Expressive writing may be said to provide means for structure and organization of an individual’s emotions in a way they may never have thought about, or never have wanted to think about (Baneberry, 1997). This written account allows for little emotional repression if the participant involves themselves entirely in the process. This leaves open the argument that different harpies may produce different results and with a society of subjectivity, this argument remain undisputed. Nonetheless, expressive writing cannot be undermined as a sound means for effective therapy. Interestingly, a study set forth to decipher whether written trauma showed increased positive affect than vocalism the trauma in a public setting (Fez, Valances, Gonzalez, 1999). The study found that a written account of the trauma proved more negatively provoking than revealing in a public setting. Although further research needs to take place on this issue, it is hypothesized that written trauma is too intense, flooding emotions that the participant found more anxiety provoking than in a setting amongst other trauma victims. Linked to the term, as mentioned, are a number of different theories. As is with the case with many psychological theories, a singular theory is not applicable. To some, this may prove reason to avoid its use (Kelly, 2012). It may also be argued, however, that subjectivity among individuals necessitates more than a singular theory. Of these theories is the concept that the act of interacting with an emotional vent in a more analytical sense may provide an outlet (Baneberry, 1997). It is thought that this outlet may reduce a traumatic influence of the event or enhance and remind of a pleasant memory. Furthermore, interacting with the event forces the individual to structure and organism an event in a way that they may have not previously thought about, or have wanted to think about. It is thought that this may bring clarity of the situation, release and perhaps even closure through self-efficacy. These theories are described as the immediate cognitive changes through the act of expressive writing. The more long term theories include the release of memories that may have had impact on the working mind. This theory suggests that as expressive writing is further indulged, immediate arousal of the memory diminishes (Baneberry, 1997). This becomes especially essential with traumatic events which tend to lose emotional arousal over a number of expressive writing sessions. With this act of release, a biological theory arises in that anxiety and other illnesses as a expression writing is that of a more social front. A study on holocaust victims valued that 70% of survivors had not shared information socially (Baneberry, 1997). After writing and talking about these experiences with researchers. Many were able to then share them with others, providing further therapy in a social context (Baneberry, 1997). Many studies are devoted to uncovering expression writing and the theory behind it. So too have studies encapsulated the long-term effects on well-being of its use as a therapy. Fewer studies examine expression writing in its immediate effects on an individual. This study focuses on the immediate effects of emotional writing on an individual’s affect. With previous studies in mind, it is hypothesized that a positive affect will be correlated with exposure to positive experience writing; whereas a negative affect will be correlated with exposure to negative experience writing. Method Participants Participants were 173 (129 females) undergraduate students from an Australian tertiary education institution. The mean age of the participants was 30. 19 years (SD ? 9. 17); male mean age was 28. 14 (SD = 7. 2), and female mean age was 30. 89 (SD = 9. 60). Materials. The Ego-Resiliency Scale (ERR-89; Block Kramer, 1996). This 14 item measure of trait saliency uses a 4-point Liker scale, ranging from does not apply at all (1) to applies very strongly (4). You read "Affectability of positive and negative written personal accounts" in category "Papers" The scale is reportedly highly reliable (a = . 76) with example items including: ‘l am more curious than most people’ and ‘l quickly get over and recover from being startled’. Resiliency was calculated by summing scores from all 14 items with higher scores indicating greater resiliency. The Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DADS-21; Loving Loving, 1995). This 21 item measure of depression, anxiety and stress records responses on a 4-point Liker scale from never (1) to almost always (3). The DADS-21 is reportedly highly reliable (a = . 96). Example items include â€Å"l find it hard to unwind† and â€Å"l felt that I wasn’t worth much as a person†. The General Health Questionnaire (GHZ-12; Goldberg Williams, 1988). This 12-item measure of general mental and physical health utilizes a 4-point Liker scale from not at all (O) to quite a bit (3). The reported reliability of the GHZ-12 ranges from . 82 to . 86. Example items include whether participant have â€Å"lost much sleep over worry’ and â€Å"been unhappy and depressed†. Positive and Negative Affectively Scale (PANS; Watson, Clark, Telling, 1998). This 20-item scale was used to assess positive and negative ambient mood. Participants were asked to rate the extent to which they felt the emotions ‘right now’ on a 5-point Liker scale, ranging from very slightly or not at all (1) to extremely (5). Both the positive mood scale (a = 0. 90) and the negative mood scale (a = 0. 4) are considered highly reliable. Example positive mood descriptors included interested, excited, strong, proud and inspired. Example negative mood descriptors included distressed, upset, guilty, irritable and nervous. Positive affect is calculated by summing scores from all 10 positive items, with higher scores indicating greater positive affect. Positive meaning finding. A series of questions adapted from those reported by Tugged and Frederickson (2004) were administered in order to assess the degree to which participants found meaning in their described event. To prompt meaning finding, participants completed two open ended the significance of the event? Specific meaning finding questions included: ‘To what extent do you feel you might benefit from this situation in the long term? ; ‘How likely s it that there is something to learn from this experience? ; and ‘How easy is it to find meaning in the described event? Ratings for these questions were made on a seven- point scale, ranging from not at all (1) to extremely (7). Meaning finding was calculated by summing scores for these three questions. Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count 2007 (LAIC; Francis Baneberry, 1996). All written positive disclosure essays were converted into individual word documents and analyzed through the LAIC program. The LAIC program was used to yield descriptive data on the number of costive and negative emotion words, and insight words used in the written disclosure pieces. In addition it was used to generate percentages of insight words used in the extended response positive meaning finding questions. The LAIC program has been found to correlate with Judges’ ratings in the range of . 37 to . 81 (Francis Baneberry, 1996). Procedure Data were collected from participants in either face-to-face or online first-year classes. Upon commencing the class, participants were introduced to the session as one on emotions. Qualities was the software program used to host the online survey. Participants were asked to pay close attention to instructions provided during the testing session. The session commenced with the ERR-89, DADS-21, GHZ, all of which served as distraction questionnaires, and the PANS. Following completion of these, the experimenter informed participants that they would complete a 15 minute writing task and that it was important that they tried to type for the entire 15 minutes. Participants were randomly assigned to the positive, neutral, or negative written disclosure condition. Participants in the positive written disclosure condition achieved the following instructions: Write about the most intensely positive experience of your life. Write about the experience in as much detail as you can. Really get into it and freely express any and all emotions or thoughts that you have about the experience. As you write, do not worry about punctuation or grammar; Just really let go and write as much as you can about the experience. Participants in the negative written disclosure condition were instructed to do the following: For the next 1 5 minutes write about the most important personal problem you are currently acing in your life. Write about the experience in as much detail as you can. Really get into it and freely express any and all emotions or thoughts that you have about the experience. As you write, do not worry about punctuation or grammar; Just really let go and write as much as you can about the experience. Continue writing until you are instructed to stop by the researcher. Finally, those in the control condition were asked to write about the activities of their day thus far in the most structured and detailed format possible (for an example see Tugged Frederickson, 2004). The experimenter stopped participants at the end of the 1 5 minutes and directed them to continue with the rest of the experiment. The remainder of the test consisted of a post-test PANS, positive meaning finding and demographic questions. Once completed, participants were debriefed and provided with experimenter contact details should they require further information regarding the experiment. Results Prior to running the statistical analyses all data were screened for normality and positive written disclosure statements revealed participants chose to write about a wide variety of positive experiences. The five most common positive experiences included parenthood, establishing a significant relationship with a life partner, traveling overseas, career, and academic achievements. The five most common negative experiences included future career prospects, current employment, financial concerns, mental health, and relationship issues. Hypothesis 1 stated that writing about an intense positive experience will result in a greater increase in positive affect. To examine whether positive affect increased, change in positive affect scores were calculated by subtracting the pre-test from the cost-test positive PANS score. A one-way NOVA with three levels of the independent variable (positive, neutral, or negative written disclosure task) was performed to test the impact of the written tasks on change in positive affect. Results revealed that there was a significant difference between the neutral (M = -1. 12, SD = 5. 6), negative (M = -3. 81 , SD = 9. 54), and positive written disclosure conditions (M 3. 14, SD = 7. 34) for change in positive affect scores, F(2, 173) = 12. 14, p 0. 001. Post hoc analyses using Bonferroni adjustments revealed that the differences between he positive and negative, and the positive and neutral conditions were significant to the . 001 level for change in positive affect. This finding suggest s that participants in the positive written disclosure condition experienced a greater increase in positive affect following the task, compared to those in the neutral and negative conditions. Hypothesis 2 proposed that writing about an intense positive experience will result in greater meaning finding. A one-way NOVA was calculated to compare meaning finding scores between the three conditions following the written task. Results valued that there was a significant difference between the neutral (M = 14. 60, SD = 4. 20), negative (M = 15. 46, SD = 4. 35), and positive written disclosure conditions (M 19. 24, SD = 2. 65) for meaning finding scores, F(l, 189) = 24. 60, p 0. 001. Post hoc analyses using Bonfire adjustments revealed that the differences between the positive and negative, and the positive and neutral conditions were significant to the . 001 level. Participants who wrote about an intense positive life experience elicited greater positive meaning from the experience, compared to those who wrote about a active experience, or the days events. Discussion This data indicates that writing about positive and negative experiences increases and decreases affect accordingly, in conjunction with neutral conditions. The data also represents a greater meaning finder in participants engaged with positive written expression as opposed to negative and neutral conditions, with negative written expression producing the lower meaning finder of the two. With the hypothesis of the expressive writing paradigm in mind, it may be said that obtained results support this suggestion. In previous mention of the term, the expressive rating paradigm has been supported in many studies over long periods of time and through rather more intense conditions; such as the example of breast cancer survivors (Lu, Ghent, Young, Gawk-Singer, LOL, 2012). Furthermore, previous studies focus greatly on the expression of traumatic instances (Baneberry, 1997) quite the opposite in that negative expressive writing produces a negative affect and lower meaning finder among participants. These results, however, are compared to that of writing positive experiences and so it may be said that a decreased score would be expected. Alternatively, being a cross-sectional design, perhaps more interesting results would be compiled from a series of written expression of the same account in the case of a negative experience. From previous studies, it is implied that regular written expression of a negative experience may produce positive results, contrary to those shown in this study. One of the implications of this study may be related to indulging regularly in written accounts of positive experience to improve positive affect and meaning finding. Future studies, however, would benefit from the analysis of regular positive written expression. As is shown in previous studies with that of traumatic events, increased confrontation through written expression is shown to reduce negative affect. It may be possible that the opposite effect adhere to regular confrontation of positive experience. Perhaps this positive experience would decrease in positivist, or even have a reverse effect over time. The limitations of this study include, primarily, the tested participants. Undergraduate psychology students may not accurately represent the population. Many other studies of the same caliber have an inclination to testing of traumatic situations among a particular sub-group. Interesting would be the results obtained from a randomly selected participant group, and measuring them both for instant results and results over a number of tests. A further limitation may be described in the means in which data was collected. Lending to an intrusive subject matter, a face-to-face collection in class may not yield the greatest results. Anonymity to observer aside, students sitting within close proximity to another student may feel threatened by invasion of privacy and not reveal inner most feelings, effecting results. Furthermore, participation in the study was of a compulsory status. This may have affected the amount of effort students put into discussion as opposed perhaps to an individual actively seeking treatment or even involvement in a study. To prevent possible confounds in the future, ideally, participants would be of a random selection of willing volunteers. If unattainable however, it may prove advantages to separate students among the class too radius in which their test cannot be overlooked. Despite these limitations, this study shows promising results by suggestion that positive expression writing increases positive affect and greater meaning finding. These results may prove useful in a variety of situations and therapies; though further testing should be undergone to discover the extent of its effect. How to cite Affectability of positive and negative written personal accounts, Papers

Sunday, April 26, 2020

MechCon Company HRM Evaluation

Introduction Human resource management is an organization function that entails all aspects that are associated with the human resource or work force in a particular organization, company or institution. It entails aspects like recruitment, coordination, and control of the people working in an organization.Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on MechCon Company HRM Evaluation specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Some of the issues linked with human resource management include hiring, compensation and benefits, safety and welfare, communication and motivation, employees’ performance management and administration, training among others. Human resource management is a very essential function in every organization as it enhances overall efficiency and effectiveness of the organization through smooth running of all the activities and operations that are carried out in the organization. It falls under one of the major components of the management function (that is staffing); the other ones being planning, organizing, coordination, and controlling. The human resource in an organization is a valuable asset that determines the success or failure of the organization through their efforts towards utilizing other assets in the company. It is however only through their proper management that maximum efficiency, effectiveness, and profitability can be achieved (Mathis and Jackson 2008). This paper discusses various aspects associated with human resource management with much emphasis being given to the human resource manager and his or her importance in an organization, in this case, the MechCon Company that serves as the case study. The value that a HR manager could add to MechCon Company and the complexities involved in managing HR A human resource manager is a crucial element in any organization as he or she helps in streamlining the activities and performance of the other employees. The MechCon compa ny which is a multi-task engineering company offering a wide range of services from mechanical engineering to construction services is lacking a very essential personnel, the human resource manager, who coordinates all the other employees to make sure that they perform well and that their needs are well catered for hence motivating them to do better day by day, which results to the overall success of the organization.Advertising Looking for term paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The employment of a human resource manager in MechCon Company is of essence as it will add value to the company through the following ways, the overall value being making things happen. The human resource manager will add value in MechCon Company through foreseeing and facilitating aspects like recruitment and training which entails ensuring that the appropriate and efficient plans and strategies of hiring employees are stri ctly adhered to, carrying out performance appraisals through encouragement of hard work and maximum output, creating and maintaining a conducive working environment that promotes excellent performance of the employees and job satisfaction, handling and solving disputes that arise among the employees or even between the employees and the management, attracting and retaining talents and capabilities, and establishment of good public relations within the organization that fosters smooth running of the organization’s activities hence overall success (Anonymous 2011). Although there is a lot of values attached to human resource management, it is an aspect that is faced with numerous complexities especially due to the changes that are taking place in the competitive market that necessitates indulgence in more strategic activities to ensure success of the organization through securing of a place in the competitive world. Most of the challenges involved in the management of human res ource touch on the aspect of workplace diversity which encompass things like education background, religious affiliations, age, gender, ethnicity and race, work knowledge and experience, physical and intellectual abilities among other characteristics that could be exhibited by various employees in an organization. The human resource manager in the MechCon Company should for example be able to overcome the challenge of work place diversity by turning the problem into opportunity and pooling together the talents exhibited by the diverse talents, views, ideas and perspectives and maximizing or capitalizing on the positive sides of everyone while ignoring the negative or weak points of an individual. Other general challenges faced by human resource managers in their day to day practices and activities include; the health and welfare of the employees, retirement issues, selection and application of human resource technology, outsourcing, leadership development among other aspects associa ted with the human resource body (Chan 2002). The Role That an HR Manager Should Play Within the Executive Group The human resource manager in any organization should play various roles and responsibilities within the executive group and in the organization as a whole.Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on MechCon Company HRM Evaluation specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Some of the roles that the human resource manager should be linked with in the executive body of the MechCon Company include; balancing the needs of the staff and those of the company, he or she should also be able to act as a strategic partner in the organization and facilitate the development and accomplishment of the company’s strategic goals and objectives which could be achieved through the design and implementation of effective work systems that allows for maximum contribution and success, and being a good advocate for the employees by creating a working condition that ensures that the employees are always motivated and happy and hence can put total efforts in their work leading to good performance. The human resource manager should also act as a tool through which change in the organization can be perpetrated. This could be achieved through the execution of appropriate strategies that are aimed towards bringing positive changes to the organization. The change should however be introduced in an appropriate manner that will avoid resistance by the employees (Heathfield: What Does a Human Resources Manager, Generalist, or Director Do? 2011). Specific Objectives and Recommendations to Guide a New HR Manager in the Way Forward The human resource manager needs to have some objectives that should act as a guide towards carrying out their duties. Some of the objectives that may help the human resource manager to be focused in his or her undertakings include; the organizational objectives that should always remind the hu man resource manager that all the efforts of the human resource body should be aimed at facilitating the efficiency, effectiveness and economy of the organization. The organizational objectives also ensure that the employees do their best to help the organization meet its goals and objectives. Functional objectives are also essential in the practices of a human resource manager as it helps him or her to keep a good pace in contributing to the fulfillment of the organization’s needs hence avoiding any chances that may lead to either non satisfaction of the organization’s needs or wastage of its resources. The society objectives should also be put into consideration by the human resource manager since the society is part and parcel of the company as the members contribute in one way or the other to its success or progress. The organization should always be responsible in terms of fulfilling the societal needs, for instance, through corporate social responsibility to make sure that the society supports it fully as opposed to where the society could be dissatisfied by the organization’s hence gang up against it making its processes fail in some way. The most crucial objective however remain to be the personal objectives. These are the objectives that aim at promoting the achievement of the personal goals of the employees hence contributing to the overall achievement of the company through the combination of the individuals’ efforts.Advertising Looking for term paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The act of establishing and maintaining appropriate personal objectives in an organization ensures that the employees are not only maintained and retained but also motivated which is a very positive aspect that keeps the organization growing due to job satisfaction among the employees. The objectives of human resource management should under all cost enhance the productivity of the organization, ensure that the employees work in a conducive atmosphere that fosters growth and prosperity and also that the organization comply fully with the legal requirements and societal expectations (Dundas 2011) Some of the recommendations that the human resource manager in MechCon Company should adhere to in his or her work include work force planning processes, HRIS solutions and the development of recruitment processes and strategies for the employees. Work force planning is a crucial process in any organization and should be carried out in a continuous manner. This will ensure that the needs and priorities of MechCon Company match with those of the employees and that all the organizational and legal requirements are met at all time without any obstacles. Work force planning will also ensure that there is the development of appropriate strategies in MechCon Company in regard to the employees. It also allows for maximum identification, capturing and utilization of a wide range of talents and capabilities in human capital that are useful to the organization at present time and also in the future. Some of the benefits associated with work force planning include; there is always the existence of qualified and appropriate employees that could be readily picked and recruited incase of any vacancy, allows for maximization of the available human resource by avoiding either underutilization or over utilization of the employees. It is also a process that is very helpful in budgetary allocations as it provides for useful projections that could justify the allocation. Work force planni ng is also a strategy that could be applied by the human resource manager in an effort to manage a diversified workforce. It generally helps in efficient management of the organization’s employees (U. S. Department of Transportation 1999). Human resource management information system (HRIS) is a useful tool in the management of the employees and the human resource manager in the MechCon Company should embrace its application as it allows for smooth running of the work force. It assists in processes like data entry and tracking, the information needs of the various employees of the organizations among others. The human resource management information system should however be chosen carefully in a manner that will solve the problems of the particular organization based on the demands of the company that should be matched with the capabilities of the human resource management information system (Heathfield: Human Resources Information System (HRIS) 2011). The development of recr uitment processes and strategies for the employees is also a positive step that should be embraced by the human resource manager in the MechCon Company as it helps in the smooth coordination of the employees. The recruitment processes and strategies help in the selection of qualified human resource that in return contributes positively to the company through the talents and capabilities they possess. The processes and strategies also ensure that the needs of the employees are adequately catered for to give them a good working atmosphere that facilitates maximum performance and coordination as everybody feels appreciated and needed in the organization. There is need to identify the time frames for these objectives and recommendations so as to be able to meet the specific goals of the organization. The objectives and recommendations for instance should be classified in terms of the time by which they are expected to be met or fulfilled for example short term, medium term, and long ter m objectives. Short term objectives are those expected to be met within a short period of time for instance a financial year. Medium term objectives on the other hand are much broader than the short term objectives and the time frame may range from one and a half years to three or five years depending on an individual organization. The long term objectives and recommendations in an organization are expected to be met after a relatively long period of time like five years and more. The objectives should always be reviewed and amendments made (where necessary) to make sure that they always remain appropriate and relevant to the organization and the society at large. The objectives and recommendations should always be realistic, timely, specific, measurable and achievable irrespective of whether they are short term, medium term and long term. These characteristics make the objectives meaningful and keep the organization moving at least with some expected results (Derbyshire, Wicks and Hardy 2007). A Procedure for Recruiting and Selecting MechCon Employees Once an HR Manager Has Been Appointed The process of employees’ recruitment should be procedural to ensure that all considerations are reflected on. Once a human resource manager has been appointed in the MechCon Company, he or she should follow a strategic recruitment and selection process whenever there is need for new work force in the company. The recruitment and selection processes should always be compatible or match with the company’s goals and objectives. The purpose of the recruitment and selection should also be kept in mind to enhance focus in the processes. Some of the aims of a recruitment and selection procedure include; ensuring that there is equal employment opportunities for all the applicants, evaluating the effectiveness of the various techniques and tools applied in the recruitment process, reducing the chances of losing the employees after they have successfully been recruited and selected, minimizing the failure rate in the selection process that could be brought about by various factors for instance the existence of numerous inappropriate job applicants who could either be under qualified or overqualified, reduction of the cost incurred in the recruitment and selection process and most importantly assessing of the organization’s present and future needs in regard to workforce planning and job analysis and description (Roberts 1997). There are various procedures that could be employed in the recruitment and selection of employees in an organization depending on suitability and the decision of the human resource manager and other members of the management. One of the procedures that the human resource manager in MechCon Company and his or her team members could consider applying is as follows; the first step involves assessing the relevance of the recruitment by identifying whether there is need for recruitment or the job could be done by the exist ing employees. Job analysis is then done where the requirements of the post holder for instance in terms of qualification and experience is determined. Based on the job analysis, a job description and individual specifications are drawn giving clear details on the purpose of the job, the responsibilities involved and the conditions of the job plus the abilities and qualities expected. The next step entails making a decision on the best methods to be applied in the selection process. Here, a curriculum vitae or an application form could be used as a tool for recruitment and selection with combination of other techniques like interviews or selection examinations. Attracting candidates is also essential and ways of advertising the vacancy should be decided upon which is then followed by the practical marketing of the job. The other step entails short listing the applications to reduce their number and hence ease the selection process by avoiding the consideration of either too little o r too many applicants that could either limit the choice or lead to time wastage respectively. The selection is then done for instance through interviews after which a decision is made and the successful candidates given the offer. References are also considered after the offer is made. Training is an important part in the recruitment and selection process as it ensures that the new employees are acquainted with the relevant skills and knowledge that will enhance their performance in the organization. Consistency should be maintained in the entire recruitment and selection process to avoid any confusion. The process of recruitment and selection should be done by the human resource manager in collaboration with other management team members who include the line managers (Elearn 2009). Conclusion Human resource in any organization is very essential as no organization could run in the absence of people. It entails aspects like recruitment, coordination, and control of the people workin g in an organization. Every organization, regardless of nature and size, moves on and succeeds because of the efforts put forth by the employees through the diversity of talents and capabilities exhibited by them. The human resource in an organization is a valuable asset that determines the success or failure of the organization through their efforts towards utilizing other assets in the company. The management of the employees is however a crucial element that ensures that everything regarding the employees is in order, for instance, through aspects like motivation and rewards that ensure the employees are on their toes in their efforts to better their performance and the performance of the organization in general. The presence and performance of a human resource manager in an organization should therefore never be underemphasized as it leads to the growth, development and prosperity of the organization in one way or the other even though the impact could not be immediate. Referenc e List Anonymous. 2011. Benefits of Human Resource Management. Web. Chan, A. 2002. The Challenges of Human Resource Management. Web. Derbyshire, W, Wicks, D and Hardy S. 2007. Money and Work: An Essential Guide. England, Spiramus Press Ltd. Dundas, K. 2011. Human Resource Management MNG00724. New York, Southern Cross University. Elearn. 2009. Recruitment and Selection. New York, Elsevier publishers. Heathfield, M.S. 2011. Human Resources Information System (HRIS). Web. Heathfield, M.S. 2011. What Does a Human Resources Manager, Generalist, or Director Do? Web. Mathis, R.L and Jackson, H.J. 2008. Human Resource Management. 12th ed. New York, Cengage learning. Roberts, G. 1997. Recruitment and Selection: A Competency Approach. Britain, CIPD publishing. U. S. Department of Transportation. 1999. Workforce Planning Guide. Washington, D.C., Department of Transportation. This term paper on MechCon Company HRM Evaluation was written and submitted by user Allison H. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.